Pertumbuhan dan hasil genotipe kedelai (Glycine max (L.) Merril) pada tiga tingkat cekaman kekeringan

Growth and yield of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merril) genotypes at three levels of drought stress

  • Nia Romania Patriyawaty Puslitbang Tanaman Pangan, Jl. Merdeka No. 147, Bogor, Indonesia
  • Gatut W. Anggara Balai Penelitian Tanaman Aneka Kacang dan Umbi, Jl. Raya Kendalpayak No. 66, Malang, Indonesia
Keywords: Drought stress, Glycine max (L.) Merril, morphological character

Abstract

Drought stress is a major constraint to the production and yield stability of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr). Drought stress at the generative phase had a negative impact on soybean potential yield significantly. This study evaluated variation in five soybean genotypes (G1, G2, G3, G4 and G5) in their response to the three levels (100% of field capacity (D1), 80% from field capacity (D2) and 60% from field capacity (D3)) of drought stress in a glass house. This study was arranged in a factorial randomized completely block design with three replications. Results showed that all five genotypes responded significantly (P<0.05) to the drought stress treatments in soybean yield. The average yield was respectively reduced by 8.4% and 11.6% in the D2 and D3 treatments, respectively, compared to the D1 (control). Percent reduction of yield for genotype G4 (19.8%) was lower compared to other genotypes. This is indicated that genotype G4 tolerance to drought stress. The evaluation on the morphological character was potentially to become a screening tool for soybean breeding program.

 

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Published
2020-07-26
How to Cite
Patriyawaty, N. R., & Anggara, G. W. (2020). Pertumbuhan dan hasil genotipe kedelai (Glycine max (L.) Merril) pada tiga tingkat cekaman kekeringan. AGROMIX, 11(2), 151-165. https://doi.org/10.35891/agx.v11i2.2024
Section
Articles