Internet dan Kebahagiaan di Masa Pandemi

  • Aidal Masrura Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Indonesia
  • Ratna Djuwita Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Indonesia
  • Joevarian Hudiyana Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Indonesia
Keywords: Happiness, Internet, pandemic, Covid-19, Social needs

Abstract

This study aims to see the relationship between internet use and happiness, especially during the pandemic Covid-19. This study uses a non-experimental quantitative approach utilizing bivariate correlation analysis. There were 3938 respondents consisting 76% women in this study. The results showed that internet use, in general, was correlated with happiness, but not across all dimensions of internet use. Dimensions that are positively and significantly correlated are only those dimensions that can meet basic psychological needs. The implications of this research need to be discussed further.

References

Adiwena, B. Y., & Djuwita, R. (2019). Nature Relatedness as a Predictor of Psychological Well-Being: A Study of Indonesian Urban Society. ANIMA Indonesian Psychological Journal, 34(4), 175–187. https://doi.org/10.24123/aipj.v34i4.2578

Azizi, M. (2017). The Effect of Individual Factors, Socioeconomic and Social Participation on Individual Happiness: A Cross-Sectional Study. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND DIAGNOSTIC RESEARCH. https://doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2017/24658.9982

Brodin, P. (2021). Immune determinants of COVID-19 disease presentation and severity. Nature Medicine, 27(1), 28–33. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-020-01202-8

Chen, E., Wood, D., & Ysseldyk, R. (2021). Online Social Networking and Mental Health among Older Adults: A Scoping Review. Canadian Journal on Aging / La Revue Canadienne Du Vieillissement, 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0714980821000040

CNN Indonesia. (2020, April). Pengguna Internet Kala WFH Corona Meningkat 40 Persen di RI. CNN INdoensia. https://www.cnnindonesia.com/teknologi/20200408124947-213-491594/pengguna-internet-kala-wfh-corona-meningkat-40-persen-di-ri

Colasante, T., Lin, L., De France, K., & Hollenstein, T. (2020). Any time and place? Digital emotional support for digital natives. American Psychologist. https://doi.org/10.1037/amp0000708

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). The “What” and “Why” of Goal Pursuits: Human Needs and the Self-Determination of Behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11(4), 227–268. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327965PLI1104_01

Dömötör, Z., Szemerszky, R., & Köteles, F. (2019). Nature relatedness is connected with modern health worries and electromagnetic hypersensitivity. Journal of Health Psychology, 24(12), 1756–1764. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105317699681

Farmawati, C., & Ula, M. (2020). Prevention of COVID-19 by Strengthening Body ’ s Immune System through Self-Healing. 28.

Greyling, T., Rossouw, S., & Adhikari, T. (2020a). A tale of three countries: How did Covid-19 lockdown impact happiness? (Issue 584). Global Labor Organization (GLO). http://hdl.handle.net/10419/221748

Greyling, T., Rossouw, S., & Adhikari, T. (2020b). Happiness-lost: Did Governments make the right decisions to combat Covid-19? (Issue 556). Global Labor Organization (GLO). http://hdl.handle.net/10419/217494

Gugus Tugas Nasional. (2020). Pusat Panggilan 119 dan Laman Resmi PDSKJI Kini Bisa Layani Konsultasi Kesehatan Jiwa. Komite Penanganan Covid-19 Dan Pemulihan Ekonomi Nasional.

Gullickson, K. M., Hadjistavropoulos, H. D., Dear, B. F., & Titov, N. (2019). Negative effects associated with internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy: An analysis of client emails. Internet Interventions, 18, 100278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2019.100278

Joshanloo, M., Jovanović, V., & Park, J. (2020). Differential Relationships of Hedonic and Eudaimonic Well-Being with Self-Control and Long-Term Orientation. Japanese Psychological Research. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpr.12276

Kim, H.-Y. (2013). Statistical notes for clinical researchers: assessing normal distribution (2) using skewness and kurtosis. Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics, 38(1), 52. https://doi.org/10.5395/rde.2013.38.1.52

Kelly, S. M. (2020). Zoom’s massive “overnight success” actually took nine years. CNN Business. https://edition.cnn.com/2020/03/27/tech/zoom-app-coronavirus/index.html

Kraut, R., Patterson, M., Lundmark, V., Kiesler, S., Mukophadhyay, T., & Scherlis, W. (1998). Internet paradox: A social technology that reduces social involvement and psychological well-being? American Psychologist, 53(9), 1017–1031. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.53.9.1017

Lyubomirsky, S., & Layous, K. (2013). How Do Simple Positive Activities Increase Well-Being? Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(1), 57–62. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721412469809

Marchant, J. (2013). Immunology: The pursuit of happiness. Nature, 503(7477), 458–460. https://doi.org/10.1038/503458a

Masrura, A. (2021). Mencari Kebahagiaan Melalui Alam di Masa Pandemi: Peran Kedekatan dengan Alam Terhadap Kebahagiaan yang Dimoderasi oleh Kelekatan Lingkungan. Universitas Indonesia.

Nasihah, U. F., & Djuwita, R. (2021). Intervensi Bagi Guru SD Perempuan di Masa Pandemi COVID-19 : Sebuah Pelatihan Peningkatan Kebahagiaan Psikologis The Intervention for Elementary School Female Teacher in COVID-19 Pandemic : The Training of Psychological Well-being Enhancement pada jenjang. 2(1), 39–51.

Ross, A., Talmage, C. A., & Searle, M. (2019). Toward a Flourishing Neighborhood: the Association of Happiness and Sense of Community. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 14(5), 1333–1352. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11482-018-9656-6

Rostiana. (2011). Makna Kebahagiaan Integratif. Indoensian Journal of Applied Sciences, 1(2). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24198/ijas.v1i2.1873

Ryff, C. D. (2014). Psychological Well-Being Revisited: Advances in the Science and Practice of Eudaimonia. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 83(1), 10–28. https://doi.org/10.1159/000353263

Satgas Covid-19. (2021). Peta Sebaran. https://covid19.go.id/peta-sebaran

Steptoe, A. (2019). Happiness and Health. Annual Review of Public Health, 40(1), 339–359. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-040218-044150

Thakur, V., & Jain, A. (2020). COVID 2019-suicides: A global psychological pandemic. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 88, 952–953. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2020.04.062

Usher, K., Bhullar, N., & Jackson, D. (2020). Life in the pandemic: Social isolation and mental health. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 29(15–16), 2756–2757. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.15290

World Health Organization. (2020). WHO timeline – COVID-19. https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/08-04-2020-who-timeline---covid-19

Published
2022-03-29
How to Cite
Masrura, A., Djuwita, R., & Hudiyana, J. (2022). Internet dan Kebahagiaan di Masa Pandemi. Jurnal Psikologi : Jurnal Ilmiah Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Yudharta Pasuruan, 9(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.35891/jip.v9i1.2584
Section
Articles