Publication Ethics

Statement of Publication and Malpractice Ethics

Mafhum Journal is a peer-reviewed journal, published twice a year by the Al-Qur'an Science and Interpretation Study Program, Faculty of Islamic Studies, Yudharta Pasuruan University Indonesia. It is available online as a source of open access and in print. This statement clarifies the ethical behavior of all parties involved in the act of publishing articles in this journal, including authors, editor in chief, Editorial Board, reviewers, and publishers. This statement is based on the COPE Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

Ethics Guidelines for Journal Publication

The publication of an article in the Mafhum Journal is an important building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. This is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and institutions that support them. The articles reviewed together support and realize the scientific method. It is therefore important to agree on the standards of ethical behavior expected for all parties involved in the act of publishing: writers, editors, reviewers, publishers, and the public. As a publisher of Understanding Journal, the Qur'anic Studies Program and Interpreters take their guardianship duties seriously at all stages of publication and recognize ethical responsibility and other responsibilities. The Qur'anic Studies Program and Interpretation are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprints, or other commercial income do not have an impact or influence on editorial decisions.

Publication Decision

The editors of the Mafhum Journal are responsible for deciding which articles are submitted to the journal to be published. The validation of the work in question and its importance for researchers and readers must always encourage that decision. Editors can be guided by the editorial board's journal policies and are limited by legal requirements that will apply to defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. Editors can negotiate with editors or other reviewers in making decisions.

Plagiarism Screening

Basically it is the duty of the author to only submit texts that are free of plagiarism and academic malpractice. The editor, however, re-checks each article before it is published. The first step is to examine plagiarism against an offline database developed by the Qur'anic Studies Program and Interpretation and, second, on as many online databases as possible.

Fair game

The editor at any time evaluates the manuscript for their intellectual content regardless of race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, nationality, or the political philosophy of the author.


Editors and editorial staff may not disclose any information about the manuscript sent to anyone other than the author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisors and publishers, as appropriate.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Unpublished material disclosed in the submitted text may not be used in the editor's own research without the author's written consent.

Review Task

Contributions to Editorial Decisions

Peer reviews help the editor in making editorial decisions and through editorial communication with the writer can also help the writer to improve the quality of the paper.


Each selected referee who feels he is not eligible to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that a quick review is not possible should notify the editor and ask permission from the review process.


Each text received for review must be treated as a confidential document. They may not be shown or discussed with others except as permitted by the editor.

Standard of Objectivity

The review must be carried out objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees must express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Source Recognition

The reviewer must identify the relevant published work that has not been quoted by the author. Each statement that observations, derivations, or previously reported arguments must be accompanied by an appropriate quote. The reviewer must also call the attention of the editor about the substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscripts being considered and other published papers that have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Special information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers should not consider a text in which they have a conflict of interest resulting from a competitive, collaborative or other relationship with the author, company or institution associated with the paper.

Review Process

Each text sent to the Understanding journal is reviewed independently by at least two reviewers in the form of a "double-blind review". Decisions for publication, amendments, or rejections are based on their reports / recommendations. In certain cases, editors can submit articles for review to others, the third reviewer before making a decision, if necessary.

Author's Duty

Reporting Standards

The author of the original research report must present an accurate report of the work carried out as well as an objective discussion of its significance. The underlying data must be accurately represented in the paper. A paper must contain sufficient details and references to enable others to replicate the work. False or intentionally inaccurate statements are unethical and unacceptable behavior.

Originality and Plagiarism

Authors must ensure that they have fully written the original work, and if the author has used the work and / or words of others that this has been quoted or quoted correctly.

Double Publication, Redundant, or Simultaneously

A writer should not generally publish a text that basically describes the same research in more than one journal or main publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal simultaneously is an unethical and unacceptable publishing behavior.

Source Recognition

Correct recognition of the work of others must always be given. The author must quote publications that have an influence in determining the nature of the work reported.

Paper Wreath

Writing must be limited to those who have contributed significantly to the conception, design, implementation, or interpretation of the research reported. All who have made significant contributions must be registered as co-authors. Where there are other people who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they must be recognized or registered as contributors. The appropriate author must ensure that all suitable co-authors and no co-authors are improperly included on paper, and that all co-authors have seen and agreed to the final version of the paper and have agreed to submit it for publication.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

All authors must disclose in their manuscripts any other financial or substantive conflicts of interest that might be interpreted to influence the results or interpretation of their text. All sources of financial support for the project must be disclosed.

Basic errors in the published work

When a writer finds significant errors or inaccuracies in his self-published work, it is the duty of the author to immediately notify the journal editor or publisher and work with the editor to retract or repair the paper.