• Menur Kusumaningtyas STIE Mahardhika Surabaya
Keywords: Haji Backpacker, Opportunities and Challenges


Backpacking activity at religious sites represents an important spiritual journey . However, not all religious sites are locations able to accommodate large numbers of visitors at one time, or are able to resolve some of the conflicts that arise from governance. From accomodation, hajj regulation until punishment for those who entry Mekah without letter of permision.this paper is going to review of planning and management solutions used on hajj backpacker associated with regulation to tackle the pressures of amount of hajj backpacker that is to reveals the importance of an opportunities and challenges of hajj backpacker.


Arifin, AGus. 2013. Peta perjalanan Haji dan Umroh(Edisi Revisi). PT.Elek Media Komputerindo, Jakarta.

AzamulFadhly. 2017. BerpikirProfetikdalamPembelajranMatematika SD/MI. JurnalPendidikanDasar Islam. 9(2): 1-10.

CahyaraniPermataAji, “PerilakuPenemuanInformasiKelompokBackpacker (PelancongMandiri)di Surabaya” http://journal.unair.ac.id/download-fullpapers-lnf223286adbfull.pdf

Cohen, Erik. 2017. Backpacker enclaves research: achievements, critique and alternative approaches. Tourism Recreation Research.

Eid, Riyad. 2012. Towards a high-Quality Religious Tourism Marketing: The Case of Hajj Service in Saudi Arabia. Tourism Analysis. Vol.17 No.4

FebiNurAnggraini. 2011. Satelit di https://www.scribd.com (di akses 21 September).

Firth, Tracey, Nerilee Hing. 1999. Hostel and their guest: attitutes and behaviours relating to sustainable tourism. Tourism Management Vol. 20 page 251-254

Hannam, Kevin, Anya Diekmann. 2011. Beyond Backpacker Torism: Mobilities and Experiences. Tourism Management Vol 32 page 195-206

Henderson, Joan Catherine. 2011. Religious tourism and its management: the hajj in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Tourism Research. Vol 13 No.6

NavigaNafata. 2015. Pemanasan Global. Makalah.Dikutipdari http://princekevin019.blogspot.com/2015/04/makalah-pemanasan-global. 1 April.

Philippe Gautret; Marie Bauge.2012. Travel Reported by Pilgrims From Marseille, France Before and After the 2010 Hajj, Journal of Travel Medicine. Volume 19, issue 2.

Sarwono. 2009. Analisa Perilaku Konsumen Perspektif Ekonomi Islam. Jurnal Inovasi Pertanian Vol.8 No. 1 hal. 41-53.

Shan-Ju Chang; Hui-Chieh Su. 2007.The concept of task, search stage and source of information in leisure activities: A case study of backpackers’ search for tourist information. Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Tecnology. Vol 44. P. 1-8.

Pryor, Frederic L. 1985. The Islamic Economic System. Journal of Comparative Economics. Vol. 9 No. 2.

Torun Elsrud. 2001. Risk Creation in Traveling. Backpacker Adventure Narration. Annals of

Tourism Research, Vol.28 N0.3 pp.597-617.

Verina.2011. PerubahanPolaAsuhMasyarakat Bogor.Skripsi.InstitutPertanian Bogor.

Wigati, Sri. 2011. Perilaku Konsumen Dalam Perspektif Ekonomi Islam. Jurnal Maliyah Vol.01 No. 01

Wilson, Julie. Greg Richards. 2015. Suspending Reality: An Exploration of Enclaves and the Backpacker Experience. Vol.11 No.2 pp 187-202.