Kritik Konsumerisme dalam Etika Konsumsi Islam

  • Muhammad Fathrul Quddus Departemen Ekonomi Syariah Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Airlangga
Keywords: Consumption, Islamic Consumption, Ethics, Konsumsi, Konsumerisme, Etika, Konsumsi Islam

Abstract

This study aims to see the criticism and incompatibility of consumerism and the behavior that should be practiced when carrying out consumption activities in the view of Islamic consumption ethics. The research results show that consumerism is a very wasteful and discriminatory consumption pattern and is the latest evolution in the form of modern capitalism. In Islam, everything that is consumed will be questioned in the afterlife. The Islamic lifestyle will not coincide with the westernized lifestyle. There are at least six consumption ethics in Islam, namely referring to priority needs, preservation and maintenance of maqashid Sharia, obeying the principles of halal and haram, seeing the quality of consumption, paying attention to the benefit of individuals and society, and practicing moderation.

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat kritik dan ketidaksesuaian konsumerisme dan perilaku yang seharusnya dipraktikan ketika melakukan aktivitas konsumsi dalam pandangan etika konsumsi Islam. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa konsumerisme merupakan pola konsumsi yang sangat boros, diskriminatif, dan bentuk merupakan evolusi terkini dalam bentuk kapitalisme modern. Dalam Islam, segala sesuatu yang dikonsumsi akan dipertanyakan di akhirat. Gaya hidup Islami tidak akan sejalan dengan gaya hidup kebarat-baratan. Setidaknya ada enam etika konsumsi Islam, yaitu mengacu pada prioritas kebutuhan, pelestarian dan pemeliharaan maqashid syariah, menaati prinsip halal dan haram, melihat kualitas konsumsi, memperhatikan kemaslahatan individu dan masyarakat, serta mempraktikkan moderasi.

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Published
2021-12-28
Section
Artikel