Tingkat daya saing dan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi aliran perdagangan kayu manis Indonesia

The competitiveness level and factors affecting Indonesian cinnamon trade flow

  • Khoiru Rizqy Rambe Pusat Riset Ekonomi Industri, Jasa dan Perdagangan, Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional (BRIN), Indonesia
  • Leo Rio Ependi Malau Pusat Riset Ekonomi Perilaku dan Sirkuler, Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional (BRIN), Indonesia
Keywords: Cinnamon, competitiveness, flow of trade, gravity model, RCA

Abstract

๐˜๐˜ฏ๐˜ต๐˜ณ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฅ๐˜ถ๐˜ค๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ: ๐˜๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ช๐˜ข ๐˜ช๐˜ด ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ญ๐˜ข๐˜ณ๐˜จ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ต ๐˜ฑ๐˜ณ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฅ๐˜ถ๐˜ค๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ค๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ฏ๐˜ข๐˜ฎ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ธ๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ญ๐˜ฅ, ๐˜ฃ๐˜ถ๐˜ต ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ญ๐˜ข๐˜ด๐˜ต ๐˜ง๐˜ช๐˜ท๐˜ฆ ๐˜บ๐˜ฆ๐˜ข๐˜ณ๐˜ด, ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ท๐˜ฐ๐˜ญ๐˜ถ๐˜ฎ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ช๐˜ข๐˜ฏ ๐˜ค๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ฏ๐˜ข๐˜ฎ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ ๐˜ฆ๐˜น๐˜ฑ๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ต๐˜ด ๐˜ฉ๐˜ข๐˜ด ๐˜ฅ๐˜ฆ๐˜ค๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ข๐˜ด๐˜ฆ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ฃ๐˜บ ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ ๐˜ข๐˜ท๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ๐˜ข๐˜จ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง 10,13 ๐˜ฑ๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ๐˜ค๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ๐˜ต ๐˜ฑ๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ ๐˜บ๐˜ฆ๐˜ข๐˜ณ. ๐˜›๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ฅ๐˜ฆ๐˜ค๐˜ญ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ ๐˜ฆ๐˜น๐˜ฑ๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ต ๐˜ท๐˜ฐ๐˜ญ๐˜ถ๐˜ฎ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ธ๐˜ข๐˜ด ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ง๐˜ญ๐˜ถ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ๐˜ค๐˜ฆ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ฃ๐˜บ ๐˜ฎ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜บ ๐˜ง๐˜ข๐˜ค๐˜ต๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ด ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ธ๐˜ข๐˜ด ๐˜ค๐˜ญ๐˜ฐ๐˜ด๐˜ฆ๐˜ญ๐˜บ ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ญ๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ฆ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ฎ๐˜ฑ๐˜ฆ๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ท๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ด. ๐˜›๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜ด ๐˜ด๐˜ต๐˜ถ๐˜ฅ๐˜บ ๐˜ข๐˜ช๐˜ฎ๐˜ด ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ข๐˜ญ๐˜บ๐˜ป๐˜ฆ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ฎ๐˜ฑ๐˜ฆ๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ท๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ด ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ช๐˜ข๐˜ฏ ๐˜ค๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ฏ๐˜ข๐˜ฎ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ ๐˜ฆ๐˜น๐˜ฑ๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ต๐˜ด ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ 11 ๐˜ฎ๐˜ข๐˜ซ๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ ๐˜ฆ๐˜น๐˜ฑ๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ต ๐˜ฅ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ถ๐˜ฏ๐˜ต๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ฆ๐˜ด ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ง๐˜ข๐˜ค๐˜ต๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ด ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ข๐˜ต ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ง๐˜ญ๐˜ถ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ๐˜ค๐˜ฆ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ง๐˜ญ๐˜ฐ๐˜ธ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ช๐˜ข๐˜ฏ ๐˜ค๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ฏ๐˜ข๐˜ฎ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ ๐˜ต๐˜ณ๐˜ข๐˜ฅ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ฆ ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ถ๐˜ฏ๐˜ต๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ฆ๐˜ด. ๐˜”๐˜ฆ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฅ๐˜ด: ๐˜š๐˜ฆ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ๐˜ข๐˜ณ๐˜บ ๐˜ฑ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜ญ ๐˜ฅ๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ข ๐˜ง๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ฑ๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ฐ๐˜ฅ 2002-2020 ๐˜ง๐˜ณ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฎ 11 ๐˜ฎ๐˜ข๐˜ซ๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ ๐˜ต๐˜ณ๐˜ข๐˜ฅ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜จ ๐˜ฑ๐˜ข๐˜ณ๐˜ต๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ถ๐˜ฏ๐˜ต๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ฆ๐˜ด ๐˜ธ๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ถ๐˜ด๐˜ฆ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ด๐˜ธ๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ฆ๐˜ข๐˜ณ๐˜ค๐˜ฉ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฃ๐˜ซ๐˜ฆ๐˜ค๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ท๐˜ฆ๐˜ด. ๐˜‹๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ข ๐˜ธ๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ข๐˜ญ๐˜บ๐˜ป๐˜ฆ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ถ๐˜ด๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜จ ๐˜™๐˜ฆ๐˜ท๐˜ฆ๐˜ข๐˜ญ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฅ ๐˜Š๐˜ฐ๐˜ฎ๐˜ฑ๐˜ข๐˜ณ๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ท๐˜ฆ ๐˜ˆ๐˜ฅ๐˜ท๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ต๐˜ข๐˜จ๐˜ฆ (๐˜™๐˜Š๐˜ˆ) ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜จ๐˜ณ๐˜ข๐˜ท๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜บ ๐˜ฎ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฅ๐˜ฆ๐˜ญ ๐˜ธ๐˜ข๐˜ด ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ฎ๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ฆ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ถ๐˜ด๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜จ ๐˜ด๐˜ต๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ค ๐˜ฑ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜ญ ๐˜ฅ๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ข ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜จ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ด๐˜ช๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ. ๐˜™๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ถ๐˜ญ๐˜ต๐˜ด: ๐˜›๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ถ๐˜ญ๐˜ต๐˜ด ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜™๐˜Š๐˜ˆ ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ข๐˜ญ๐˜บ๐˜ด๐˜ช๐˜ด ๐˜ด๐˜ฉ๐˜ฐ๐˜ธ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ข๐˜ต ๐˜๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ช๐˜ข๐˜ฏ ๐˜ค๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ฏ๐˜ข๐˜ฎ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ ๐˜ฉ๐˜ข๐˜ด ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ฎ๐˜ฑ๐˜ฆ๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ท๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ด ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ 11 ๐˜ฎ๐˜ข๐˜ช๐˜ฏ ๐˜ฅ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ถ๐˜ฏ๐˜ต๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ฆ๐˜ด, ๐˜ธ๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜ค๐˜ฉ ๐˜ช๐˜ด ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ๐˜ช๐˜ค๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ฆ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ฃ๐˜บ ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ ๐˜™๐˜Š๐˜ˆ>1 ๐˜ท๐˜ข๐˜ญ๐˜ถ๐˜ฆ. ๐˜๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ช๐˜ข'๐˜ด ๐˜ฆ๐˜น๐˜ฑ๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ต ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ฎ๐˜ฑ๐˜ฆ๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ท๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ด ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ ๐˜ฆ๐˜ข๐˜ค๐˜ฉ ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ถ๐˜ฏ๐˜ต๐˜ณ๐˜บ ๐˜ง๐˜ญ๐˜ถ๐˜ค๐˜ต๐˜ถ๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ฆ๐˜ด ๐˜ธ๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜ฉ ๐˜ท๐˜ข๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ฐ๐˜ถ๐˜ด ๐˜จ๐˜ณ๐˜ฐ๐˜ธ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ ๐˜ต๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ๐˜ด. ๐˜›๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ฎ๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ถ๐˜ญ๐˜ต๐˜ด ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜จ๐˜ณ๐˜ข๐˜ท๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜บ ๐˜ฎ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฅ๐˜ฆ๐˜ญ ๐˜ถ๐˜ด๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜จ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜๐˜ช๐˜น๐˜ฆ๐˜ฅ ๐˜Œ๐˜ง๐˜ง๐˜ฆ๐˜ค๐˜ต ๐˜”๐˜ฐ๐˜ฅ๐˜ฆ๐˜ญ (๐˜๐˜Œ๐˜”) ๐˜ด๐˜ฉ๐˜ฐ๐˜ธ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ข๐˜ต ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜™๐˜Š๐˜ˆ ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ๐˜ฆ๐˜น ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ข๐˜ญ ๐˜Ž๐˜‹๐˜— ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ช๐˜ฎ๐˜ฑ๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜จ ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ถ๐˜ฏ๐˜ต๐˜ณ๐˜บ ๐˜ฉ๐˜ข๐˜ท๐˜ฆ ๐˜ข ๐˜ฑ๐˜ฐ๐˜ด๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ท๐˜ฆ ๐˜ฆ๐˜ง๐˜ง๐˜ฆ๐˜ค๐˜ต ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ช๐˜ข๐˜ฏ ๐˜ค๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ฏ๐˜ข๐˜ฎ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ ๐˜ต๐˜ณ๐˜ข๐˜ฅ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ง๐˜ญ๐˜ฐ๐˜ธ, ๐˜ธ๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜ญ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ท๐˜ข๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ข๐˜ฃ๐˜ญ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ช๐˜ฎ๐˜ฑ๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜จ ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ถ๐˜ฏ๐˜ต๐˜ณ๐˜บ'๐˜ด ๐˜ฑ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฑ๐˜ถ๐˜ญ๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ, ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ข๐˜ญ ๐˜ฆ๐˜น๐˜ค๐˜ฉ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜จ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ณ๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ฆ๐˜ด, ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ฆ๐˜น๐˜ฑ๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ต ๐˜ฑ๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ค๐˜ฆ๐˜ด ๐˜ฉ๐˜ข๐˜ท๐˜ฆ ๐˜ข ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜จ๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ท๐˜ฆ ๐˜ฆ๐˜ง๐˜ง๐˜ฆ๐˜ค๐˜ต. ๐˜Š๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ๐˜ค๐˜ญ๐˜ถ๐˜ด๐˜ช๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ: ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ค๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ข๐˜ด๐˜ฆ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ท๐˜ฐ๐˜ญ๐˜ถ๐˜ฎ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ค๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ฏ๐˜ข๐˜ฎ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ ๐˜ฆ๐˜น๐˜ฑ๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ต๐˜ด, ๐˜๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ช๐˜ข ๐˜ค๐˜ข๐˜ฏ ๐˜ฑ๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ป๐˜ฆ ๐˜ช๐˜ฎ๐˜ฑ๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜จ ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ถ๐˜ฏ๐˜ต๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ฆ๐˜ด ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ข๐˜ต ๐˜ฉ๐˜ข๐˜ท๐˜ฆ ๐˜ญ๐˜ข๐˜ณ๐˜จ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ข๐˜ญ ๐˜Ž๐˜‹๐˜—๐˜ด ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ฎ๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ข๐˜ง๐˜ง๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ฅ๐˜ข๐˜ฃ๐˜ญ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ฅ๐˜ช๐˜ด๐˜ต๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ค๐˜ฆ๐˜ด.

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Published
2023-03-31
How to Cite
Rambe, K. R., & Malau, L. R. E. (2023). Tingkat daya saing dan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi aliran perdagangan kayu manis Indonesia. AGROMIX, 14(1), 28-38. https://doi.org/10.35891/agx.v14i1.3107
Section
Articles