Pengaruh Religiulitas Terhadap Komitmen Organisasi Ditinjau dari Komitmen Afektif, Komitmen Normatif dan Komitmen Berkelanjutan

Survei pada Pegawai BMT Kabupaten Pasuruan

  • Muhammad Wardianto Universitas Yudharta Pasuruan
  • Amang Fathur Rohman Universitas Yudharta Pasuruan
  • Any Urwatul Wusko Universitas Yudharta Pasuruan
Keywords: Religiosity, affective commitment, normative commitment, continuous commitment, Religiulitas, Komitmen Afektif, Komitmen Normatif, Komitmen Berkelanjutan

Abstract

Abstract

The rapidly changing business environment requires organizations to remain productive. thus, the organization continues to strive to improve the process. The organization is aware of the fact that the competitiveness of business processes depends on human resources. Thus, retaining competent employees in the organization becomes one of the main challenges for the organization. The purpose of this study is to determine and explain the effect of religiosity on affective commitment, normative commitment and ongoing commitment. This type of research is explanatory. with survey techniques. The population in this study was BMT Pasuruan Regency employees and the sampling technique was purposive sampling. The data analysis method used is PLS using WARPPLS 5.0 software. The study was conducted in Pasuruan Regency with the consideration that there are BMT Organizations with various levels of employee religiosity. The results showed that religiosity had a significant positive effect on affective commitment and normative commitment but did not significantly influence sustainable commitment.

Abstrak

Lingkungan bisnis yang berubah dengan cepat mengharuskan organisasi untuk tetap produktif. sehingga, organisasi terus berusaha memperbaiki prosesnya. Organisasi sadar akan fakta bahwa daya saing proses bisnis tergantung pada sumber daya manusia. Dengan demikian, mempertahankan karyawan yang kompeten dalam organisasi menjadi salah satu tantangan utama bagi organisasi. Tujuan pada penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengetahui dan menjelaskan pengaruh religiulitas terhadap komitmen afektif, komitmen normatif dan komitmen berkelanjutan. Jenis penelitian ini adalah eksplanatori. dengan teknik survei. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah pegawai BMT Kabupaten Pasuruan dan teknik pengambilan sampel adalah purposive sampling. Metode analisis data yang digunakan adalah PLS dengan menggunakan software WARPPLS 5.0. Penelitian dilakukan di Kabupaten Pasuruan dengan pertimbangan terdapat Organisasi BMT dengan berbagai tingkat religiuitas pegawainya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa religiulitas berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap komitmen afektif dan komitmen normatif namun tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap komitmen berkelanjutan.

References

Arikunto, Suharsimi. 2002. ProsedurPenelitian. EdisiRevisi V, PT RinekaCipta. Jakarta

Allen, N.J. and Meyer, J.P., 1990, “The Measurement and Antecedents of Affective, continuance and Normative Commitment”, Journal of Occupational Psycholog

Chairy, LS. 2002. SeputarKomitmenOrganisasi. ArisanAngkatan ’86 FakultasPsikologi UI. Jakarta: tidakditerbitkan.

Delbcq, A. (2015). Christian spirituality and contemporary business leadership. Journal of Organization Change, 12, 1–6. doi:10.1108/EL-01-2014-0022

Delener, N. (1990). The effects of religious factors on perceived risk in durable goods purchase decisions. Journal of Consumer Marketing, 7, 27–38

Dodd, S. D., &Gotsis, G. (2007). The interrelationships between entrepreneurship and religion. The International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, 8, 93–104. doi:10.5367/000000007780808066

Giacalone, R. A., &Jurkiewicz, C. L. (2003). Handbook of workplace spirituality and organizational performance: Me Sharpe

Heermann, B. (1997). Building teamspirit: Activities for inspiring and energizing teams: McGraw-Hill New York, NY

Karasek, R., & Theorell, T. (1992). Healthy work: stress, productivity, and the reconstruction of working life: Basic books.

Jewell &Siegall. 1990. Contemporary Industrial/Organizational Psychology. 2/E. Alihbahasa: Asihwardji&Sungkono. 1998. Jakarta: Arcan.

Kutcher, E., Bragger, J., Rodriguez-Srednicki, O., & Masco, J. L. (2010). The role of religiosity in stress, job attitudes, and organizational citizenship behavior. Journal of Business Ethics, 95, 319–337. doi:10.1007/s10551-009-0362-z

Mansori, S. (2012). Impact of religion affiliation and religiosity on consumer innovativeness; the evidence of Malaysia. World Applied Sciences Journal, 17, 301–307

McDaniel, S. W., & Burnett, J. J. (1990). Consumer religiosity and retail store evaluative criteria. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 18, 101–112. doi:10.1007/ BF02726426

Meyer, JP. & Allen, NJ. 1991. A-Three Component Conceptualization of Organizational Commitment. Human Resource Management Review. Vol. 1, 1, 61-89.

Meyer, John, P., J. Natalie Allen dan Catherine A. Smith. (1993). Commitment to Organizational and Occupation: Extention and Test of a Three Component Conceptualizational. Journal Applied Psychology. 78(4), pp. 538-551

Nazir, M. 2011. MetodePenelitian. CetakanKetujuh. Ghalia Indonesia. Jakarta

Natlianis, F., & Raja, U. (2002). Influence of religion on citizenship behaviour and whistle-blowing. Current topics in management (pp. 79–98). London: Transaction

Rakhmawati, A., Rahardjo, K., & Kusumawati, A. Faktor Anteseden dan Konsekuensi Green Supply Chain Management. JSINBIS (Jurnal Sistem Informasi Bisnis), 9(1), 1-8.

Robbins, S. P. (1996). Organization Behavior. Concepts, Controversies, Applications (7th ed.). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Robbins, dan Timothy A. Judge. (2008). PerilakuOrganisasi (12th ed). (Diana Angelica, Trans.). Jakarta: SalembaEmpat.

Sekaran. Uma. 2006, Research Methods for business, diterjemahkanoleh Kwan Men Yon, EdisiKeempat, Jilid 1 dan 2. Jakarta : SalembaEmpat

Sugiyono.2005. MetodePenelitianBisnis. Bandung : CV Alfabet

Published
2019-12-18
How to Cite
Wardianto, M., Amang Fathur Rohman, & Any Urwatul Wusko. (2019). Pengaruh Religiulitas Terhadap Komitmen Organisasi Ditinjau dari Komitmen Afektif, Komitmen Normatif dan Komitmen Berkelanjutan. SKETSA BISNIS, 6(2), 68-76. https://doi.org/10.35891/jsb.v6i2.1700
Section
Articles