Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kompetensi petani dalam melakukan usahatani ikan air tawar di kecamatan Polanharjo kabupaten Klaten

The factors that affect the competence of farmers in conducting freshwater fish farming in Polanharjo sub-district, Klaten district

  • Erlin Yusliana Program Studi Penyuluhan dan Komunikasi Pertanian, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Jawa Tengah
  • Sapja Anantanyu Program Studi Penyuluhan dan Komunikasi Pertanian, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Jawa Tengah
  • Eksa Rusdiyana Program Studi Penyuluhan dan Komunikasi Pertanian, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Jawa Tengah
Keywords: ability, factor, farmer, freshwater fish

Abstract

Ability is an individual capacity to do various tasks in a profession or activity. This study aimed at scrutinizing the internal factors (age, education level, farming experience, and cosmopolitan level) and external factors (the roles of agricultural extension officers, the roles of the heads of farmer groups, local government support, and access to mass media) of the farmers in practicing freshwater fish farming in Polanharjo Sub-district, Klaten Regency, and the correlation between both the internal and external factors and farmers’ ability in practicing freshwater fish farming in Polanharjo Sub-district, Klaten Regency. This research applied a qualitative method with a survey technique. The research location was determined by considering that Polanharjo Sub-district in Klaten Regency Further, Nganjat Village, and Janti. Samples were taken using proportional random sampling, involving 60 respondents. Data were analyzed using Spearman’s rank correlation test with IBM SPSS 20.0. The results of this study include three major points. The farmers’ age and education levels were considered high, while their farming practice experience and cosmopolitan levels were low. The role of agricultural extension officers and the support of the local government was low, while the role of heads of farmer groups and access to mass media was very low. The roles of agricultural extension officers and the heads of farmer groups had a highly significant relationship with the farmers' ability to practice freshwater fish farming. Nevertheless, Farmers' age, education level, farming experience, and cosmopolitan level, local government support, and access to mass media did not show any noteworthy relationship with farmers’ ability to practice freshwater fish farming.

References

Agussabti, A., & Makmur, T. (2017). Analisis tingkat keberhasilan usahatani sayuran di kecamatan Permata kabupaten Bener Meriah. Jurnal Imiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Unsyiah, 2(3), 191-202. https://doi.org/10.17969/jimfp.v2i3.3748

Azwar, S. M. A. (2013). Sikap manusia teori dan pengukurannya (Ed. 2). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2019). Kecamatan polanharjo dalam angka. https://klatenkab.bps.go.Id/publication/2017/09/20/fbbeecb52b9c0c6dccf436c7/kecamatan-polanharjo-dalam-angka-2019.html

Damanik, I. P. (2015). Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi dinamika kelompok dan hubungannya dengan kelas kemampuan kelompok tani di desa Pulokencana kabupaten Serang. Jurnal Penyuluhan, 9(1), 31-40. https://doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v9i1.9856

Fatchiya, A. (2010). Tingkat kapasitas pembudidaya ikan dalam mengelola usaha akuakultur secara berkelanjutan fish farmer capacity to manage of aquabusiness sustainability. Jurnal Penyuluhan, 6(1), 74–83. http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jupe/issue/archive

Febriyanti, E. R. (2013). Kontribusi pengembangan kawasan minapolitan kampung lele terhadap pendapatan petani lele di desa tegalrejo sawit boyolali. Economics Development Analysis Journal, 2(4), 396-407. https://doi.org/10.15294/edaj.v2i4.3208

Fitriadi, M. Y. G., Sumardjo, S., & Hamzah, H. (2018). Gaya kepemimpinan tokoh informal dan tingkat partisipasi masyarakat dalam program desa mandiri pangan. Jurnal Sains Komunikasi Dan Pengembangan Masyarakat [JSKPM], 2(4), 455. https://doi.org/10.29244/jskpm.2.4.455-464

Hartono, B., & Rohaeni E. S. (2014). Conntribution to income of traditional beef cattle farmer households in Tanah Laut Regency, South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Journal Of Livestock Research For Rural Development, 26(8), 1-10.

Huda, N., & Harijati, S. (2016). Peran penyuluh dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat pertanian perkotaan. Repository.Ut.Ac.Id, 205–222. Retrieved from https://scholar.google.co.id/scholar?hl=id&as_sdt=0%2C5&q=Peran+Penyuluh+dalam+Pemberdayaan+Masyarakat+Pertanian+Perkotaan&btnG=

Ilmi, T., & Henniwati. (2019). Hubungan tingkat pengetahuan pasien terhadap tindakan swamedikasi pada masyarakat kelurahan Pojok kota Kediri. Java Health Journal, 6(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1210/jhj.v6i1.275

Krisnawati, K., Purnaningsih, N., & Asngari, P. (2017). Persepsi petani terhadap peranan penyuluh pertanian di desa Sidomulyo dan Muari, Distrik Oransbari, kabupaten Manokwari Selatan. Sosio Konsepsia, 2(3), 303-314. https://doi.org/10.33007/ska.v2i3.783

Kuheba, J. A., Dumais, J. N. K., & Pangemanan, P. A. (2016). Perbandingan pendapatan usahatani campuran berdasarkan pengelompokan jenis tanaman. Jurnal Agri-Sosioekonomi, 12(2A), 77. https://doi.org/10.35791/agrsosek.12.2a.2016.12601

Mulieng, Z. F., Amanah, S., & Asngari, P. S. (2018). Persepsi petani terhadap kompetensi penyuluh pertanian tanaman pangan di Kabupaten Aceh Utara. Jurnal Penyuluhan, 14(1), 159-174. https://doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v14i1.17556

Nabila, A. R., & Yuniningsih, T. (2016). Analisis partisipasi masyarakat dalam pengembangan Desa Wisata Kandri Kota Semarang. Journal of Public Policy and Management Review, 5(3), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.14710/jppmr.v5i3.12542

Prasetyo, A., Safitri, R., & Hidayat, K. (2019). Strategi komunikasi ketua dalam meningkatkan eksistensi kelompok (kasus di kelompok tani Sidodadi di desa Junrejo, kecamatan Junrejo kota Batu Jawa Timur). Jurnal Habitat, 30(1), 26–34. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.habitat.2019.030.1.4

Pujiasmanto, B., Sutopo, S., Aliyah, I., & Mulyanto, M. (2015). Minapolitan untuk mendukung ketahanan dan keamanan pangan. Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 30(2), 97. https://doi.org/10.20961/carakatani.v30i2.11926

Puttileihalat, P. M. (2011). Hubungan karakteristik dengan keterdedahan media massa petani jambu mete (Kasus petani jambu mete di Desa Neumatang Kecamatan Wetar Kabupaten Maluku Barat Daya). Agrikan: Jurnal Ilmiah Agribisnis dan Perikanan, 4(2), 47. https://doi.org/10.29239/j.agrikan.4.2.47-51

Ruhimat, I. S. (2017). Peningkatan kapasitas kelembagaan kelompok tani dalam pengembangan usahatani agroforestry: studi kasus di desa Cukangkawung, kecamatan Sodonghilir, kabupaten Tasikmalaya, provinsi Jawa Barat. Jurnal Penelitian Sosial dan Ekonomi Kehutanan, 14(1), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.20886/jsek.2017.14.1.1-17

Setiono, B. A. (2016). Pengaruh budaya organisasi, karakteristik individu, karakteristik pekerjaan terhadap kinerja karyawan PT. Pelindo III Surabaya. Jurnal Aplikasi Pelayaran dan Kepelabuhan, 6(2), 128–146. http://dx.doi.org/10.30649/jurapk.v6i2.30

Simamora, T., & Luik, R. (2019). Tingkat kompetensi teknis petani dalam berusahatani singkong (kasus kelompok Mekar Tani Desa Cibanteng Kecamatan Ciampea Kabupaten Bogor. Jurnal Agrimor, 4(4), 53–55. https://doi.org/10.32938/ag.v4i4.824

Suharyani, A., & Oktoriana, S. (2018). Pengaruh tingkat imitasi dan kosmopolitan wanita tani terhadap keputusan pengelolaan usahatani. Jurnal Agrifo, 3(2), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.29103/ag.v3i2.1114

Zakaria, A. K., & Nurasa, T. (2013). Strategi penggalangan petani untuk mendukung program peningkatan produksi padi berkelanjutan. Jurnal Analisis Kebijakan Pertanian, 11(2), 75–87. http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/akp.v11n2.2013.75-87

Published
2020-09-05
How to Cite
Yusliana, E., Anantanyu, S., & Rusdiyana, E. (2020). Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kompetensi petani dalam melakukan usahatani ikan air tawar di kecamatan Polanharjo kabupaten Klaten. AGROMIX, 11(2), 202-217. https://doi.org/10.35891/agx.v11i2.2022
Section
Articles